Army Body Fat Calculator (Vogel)

Body fat calculation is a crucial aspect of assessing an individual's overall health and fitness. Various methods exist to estimate body fat percentage, each with its own advantages and limitations. One such method is the Army Vogel Method, a formula developed by the U.S. Army that provides a simple yet effective way to estimate body fat percentage. In this article, we'll delve into the details of the Army Vogel Method, how it works, and its significance in health and fitness assessments.

Gender Selection: Male
Gender Selection: Female
Your Body Fat Percentage Results
Body Fat Army Vogel female
Body Fat (Fitness)

  > 32.0 Obese
  25.0-32.0 Average
  21.0-25.0 Fitness
  14.0-21.0 Athletes
  < 14.0 Essential fat

Understanding Body Fat Percentage

Body fat percentage is the proportion of fat mass to total body mass. It is a more accurate indicator of fitness and health than body weight alone. While some level of body fat is essential for normal physiological functioning, excessive body fat can lead to various health issues, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and other obesity-related conditions.

The Army Vogel Method

The Army Vogel Method is named after its creator, Dr. Robert A. Vogel, who developed the formula for estimating body fat percentage. This method is commonly used by the military to assess the fitness levels of personnel. The formula for males takes into account the circumference of the waist and neck, along with height, to estimate body fat percentage. For Females, height, neck, wrist, forearm and hip measurements are used in addition to also including weight.

5' 5"
BodyFat(male)=76.5log10(abdominal naval in cmneck in cm)68.7log10(height in cm)+46.9Body Fat (male) = 76.5 \cdot \log_{10}(\text{{abdominal naval in cm}} - \text{{neck in cm}}) \\- 68.7 \cdot \log_{10}(\text{{height in cm}}) \\+ 46.9
BodyFat(female)=(105.3log10(weight in kg))(0.2wrist in cm)(0.533neck in cm)(1.574forearm in cm)+(0.173hip in cm)(0.515height in cm)35.6Body Fat (female) = (105.3 \cdot \log_{10}(\text{{weight in kg}})) \\- (0.2 \cdot \text{{wrist in cm}}) \\- (0.533 \cdot \text{{neck in cm}}) \\- (1.574 \cdot \text{{forearm in cm}}) \\+ (0.173 \cdot \text{{hip in cm}}) \\- (0.515 \cdot \text{{height in cm}}) \\- 35.6

Limitations and Considerations

While the Army Vogel Method is a convenient tool for estimating body fat percentage, it has some limitations. Individual variations, such as muscle distribution and body composition, can affect the accuracy of the results. Additionally, the method may not be suitable for certain populations, such as athletes with highly developed musculature.

Based OnWeightTape MeasureSkinfold
Measurement ComplexityVery EasyEasyDifficult
Best Suited ForNon-Active PersonActive EnthusiastAthlete


The Army Vogel Method offers a straightforward and practical approach to estimating body fat percentage. Though not without its limitations, it provides a useful tool for individuals and professionals alike to assess overall health and fitness. It's essential to remember that no single method is perfect, and combining various assessment tools can provide a more comprehensive understanding of an individual's body composition. Always consult with fitness and healthcare professionals for a thorough analysis and guidance tailored to your specific needs and goals.

Measurement Help


How to measure
  • Smallest measurement just below the adams apple
  • Tape measure should be sloping slightly downwards


Body Position
  • Hand generally open (ie not clenched)
How to measure
  • measured on the hand side of the styloid process (The styloid process is the bony lump on the outside of your wrist.)
  • Ie between hand and bony part
  • It is generally your smallest circumference


Body Position
  • hand out straight, hand open
How to measure
  • measured at largest point
  • generally closer towards your elbow


Body Position
  • Standing on flat surface with feet slightly appart (generally right below your respective hip joint)
How to measure
  • largest measurement generally in the middle of your hip, ie the peak of your butt
Vogel, J. A. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Fitzgerald, P. I. Hodgdon, J. A. Harman, E. A. (1988). Derivation of Anthropometry Based Body Fat Equations for the Army's Weight Control Program